Alzheimer’s disease and a long-standing exposure to glucose in the Western diet
Chronic exposure to glucose due to the traditional Western diet impairs neuronal function and causes apoptosis (programmed neuronal death), concluded Drs Seneff & Wainwright (UK) and Mascitelli (Italy). Their reasoning was roughly the following:
The amyloid-beta peptide (AB) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) plaques so far seen as a hallmark of this disease, in fact may be an early attempt of protection from its development. AB switches neuronal metabolism from glycolysis-based to the use of other substrates, e.g., lactate and ketone bodies. This is a very important adjustment in the AD case since there’s an insulin resistance in the AD brain indicating an inadequate ability to utilize glucose. Moreover, the levels of advanced glycation end-products (harmful in any case) are increased in AD. The damage they induce interferes with delivery of fats and cholesterol to astrocytes, and consequently to neurons. This is important because for smooth communication between neurons, sufficient levels of fat and cholesterol is required and the AD CSF is deficient in both. Synthesis of AB is increased when lipid supply is deficient. In the condition of this deficiency, there’s an increase in synthesis of excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate leading to oxidative damage and toxic overexcitability.
The good news is, wrote the authors, a simple dietary change towards lower carbohydrate intake and higher fats intake, may be efficiently protective against AD.